Toshiba's Digital Products Division is celebrating the 20th anniversary of the world's first mass-market laptop computer -- the Toshiba T1100, a landmark precursor to today's mobile digital devices.
At its launch, the T1100 featured a 4.77 MHz Intel 80C88 processor, MS-DOS 2.11 operating system, one 720-kilobyte 3.5-inch floppy disk drive (the first in a mass-marketed PC) for storage, and 512-kilobyte random access memory. The system was 12.2-inches wide, 2.6-inches high and 12 inches deep with a weight of just nine pounds.
The T1100 was notable for its clear, legible black-and-white 9.1- by 4.7-inch display with a resolution of 640x200 pixels, and optional 14.4kbps modem connectivity. Featuring a Microsoft MS-DOS operating system, the system's compatibility with third-party IBM PC software was considered mandatory for business acceptance. The unit cost more than US$4,000 in 1985.
Since its launch of the T1100, Toshiba has recorded worldwide cumulative sales of more than 37-million notebook computers through 2004, according to industry analysts IDC.
"Toshiba's T1100 was the first successfully marketed battery-powered mobile computing device that opened the door to today's notebooks, sub-notebooks, Tablet PCs, PDAs and smartphones," said Mark Simons, vice president and general manager of Digital Products Division, Toshiba America Information Systems.
Products announced today demonstrate the ongoing Toshiba commitment to providing mobile computing users the ultimate in mobility and performance. The products kicking off the company's yearlong 20th anniversary celebration include the premium ultraportable Portege R200, the return of the Toshiba libretto U100 mini-notebook, and the Tecra M4, a new mainstream Tablet PC for business users.
Following the successful introduction of the T1100, Toshiba went on to introduce a series of innovations that dramatically raised expectations on what was possible in portable computing in the areas of display, battery, optical drives, small form factor hard disk drives, performance and communications:
1986 -- Introduction of the first portable PC featuring an Intel 286 processor;
1986 -- Introduction of the first portable PC featuring an internal hard disk drive;
1987 -- Introduction of the first portable PC featuring an Intel 386 processor;
1990 -- First notebook PC with longer-lasting NiMH battery;
1991 -- First notebook PC featuring a thin film transistor (TFT) display;
1992 -- Introduction of the first portable PC featuring an Intel 486 processor;
1993 -- Introduction of the first ultra-portable featuring Lithium ion battery;
1994 -- Introduction of the first notebook PC featuring an Intel Pentium processor;
1995 -- First notebook PC incorporating a CD-ROM drive;
1997 -- First notebook PC incorporating a DVD drive;
2000 -- First notebook PC incorporating DVD/CD-RW multi-drive;
2001 -- First notebook PC incorporating wireless capabilities (Bluetooth and W-LAN);
2002 -- First full-performance convertible-type Tablet PC;
2004 -- First AV notebook PC featuring LCD TV-class video quality.