What would those be? You seem to think you can fix social issues by punishing people. I think the way to fix them is by changing people. You don't change people though punishment. You do it through education and by giving them better options. It is a long-term process that requires patience. You start with the kids.
Life is not fair. There will always be winners and losers. No one is going to sit and hold your hand explaining why you were in the wrong. Adults know when they're in the wrong and shy from being responsible anyways because it's too much effort and it's easier to take chances - because, most often it's someone else paying the price for it. We can't keep babying people through adult life. Most lessons in responsibility are usually learnt via a swift kick up the rear.
That's a very negative and defeatist world view.
Based no doubt on the assumption that unless there's someone standing with a whip, some significant number of people wake up in the morning thinking about how they're going to do a lousy days work / not look after their kids / try to be as dumb as possible. I don't believe people are born like that - even if some small percentage of people learn to behave like that.
I wonder what happened to:
"All Kiwis want is someone to love, somewhere to live, somewhere to work, and something to hope for."