HP has unveiled a program designed to simplify its structure, reduce costs and place greater focus on its customers. The company expects these actions to save US$1.9 billion annually, drive growth and increase business performance.
As part of this plan, the company intends to reduce its workforce over the next six quarters by 14,500 employees, or about 10 percent of its regular full-time staff, and modify its U.S. retirement benefits programs. Beginning in fiscal 2007, HP expects approximate ongoing annual savings of $1.9 billion, composed of $1.6 billion in labor costs and $300 million in benefits savings. In fiscal 2006, HP expects savings of between $900 million and $1.05 billion.
According to the company the reductions in sales positions will be minimal, so that HP can avoid impacting customers, while there will be little change to headcount in research and development.
The majority of staff reductions will come in support functions, such as information technology, human resources and finance. The remainder will be made inside business units, in areas where work can be reduced by improving processes and re-prioritizing existing tasks. To facilitate these reductions, HP will offer a voluntary retirement program to longer-serving staff based in the United States.
Headcount-reduction plans will vary by country, based on local legal requirements and consultation with works councils and employee representatives, as appropriate.
The program simplifies HP's structure by embedding sales and marketing efforts directly into the business units, providing a tighter link with customers. HP expects the cuts in expenditures will come from restructuring support functions, eliminating redundancies and modifying HP's U.S. retirement programs, which will free funds for reinvestment in the business. Additionally, it improves individual accountability and executive focus through a simpler reporting structure with fewer management layers.
"After a thorough review of our business, we have formulated a plan that will enable HP to begin delivering its full potential," said Mark Hurd, HP chief executive officer and president. "We can perform better - for our customers and partners, our employees and our shareholders - and we will."
Approximately half the savings will be used to offset market forces or reinvested in the business to strengthen HP's competitiveness. The remainder is anticipated to flow through to operating profit.
HP expects to record pretax restructuring charges of approximately US$1.1 billion over the next six quarters, beginning in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2005. This excludes a previously announced US$100 million restructuring charge to be taken in the third quarter.
In addition, HP is modifying its U.S. retirement programs. As of January 2006, the company will freeze the pension and retiree medical-program benefits of current employees who do not meet defined criteria based on age and years of company service. Instead, HP will increase its matching contribution to most employees' 401(k) plans to 6 percent from 4 percent.
To simplify the company and bring its sales force closer to customers, HP will dissolve the Customer Solutions Group (CSG) - a standalone business group responsible for sales to enterprise, small and medium-size businesses and public-sector customers. It will merge the sales function and related accountability directly into three individual business units - Technology Solutions Group (TSG), Imaging and Printing Group (IPG) and Personal Systems Group (PSG). This will give each business unit greater financial and operational control of its business.
These actions build on HP's recent actions to streamline its organization, including splitting a number of functions that had previously been combined. Last month, the company separated the role of chief marketing officer from the sales function and separated IPG from PSG. Last week, it separated the Global Operations function from the IT organization.
Following the dissolution of CSG, Michael J. Winkler, 60, will retire from his position as executive vice president of CSG, after nearly 10 years at HP and Compaq and more than 35 years in the IT industry. Senior sales positions will be added to each business segment.
In addition, HP has recently named three new executive vice presidents and added them to the company's Executive Council, expanding it to 10 members, following Winkler's retirement.
Cathy Lyons, a 26-year HP executive, was named executive vice president and chief marketing officer. Todd Bradley, formerly president and chief executive officer of palmOne, was named executive vice president of PSG. Randy Mott, formerly chief information officer at Dell and prior to that at Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. for 22 years, also joined HP as executive vice president and chief information officer.