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#275826 11-Sep-2020 13:17
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Posting this in cast it's of help to others, and also to get it into Google's results: I recently set up a Windows 10 machine for someone whose previous Windows 7 machine had died. The only anomaly was the printing, their 10-20ppm printer was taking 15-30 seconds to do a single page instead of a constant stream of pages. There were long, long pauses between each page printed even when it was mostly just formatted text, but they said they weren't in a hurry so I didn't look into it further.



Then they started getting XPS Print Error: memory allocation failure errors while printing. Which seemed unlikely on a printer with 1GB of RAM (ex-business printers are awesome!). A crappy old HP with something like 16MB RAM never got XPS memory allocation failure errors while a business-grade printer did.



After much poking around reading the usual reboot/reinstall/power cycle advice I found the thing that works: XPS stands for XML Paper Specification, a toxic combination of XML and Microsoft technology. To fix XPS errors, go to your vendor's web site and download a non-XPS print driver and the problems will go away. In this case no more print errors and printing back up to full speed.



The killer here is that Windows will try and install an XPS driver by default. So if you're offered a driver and you see the term "XPS" in it, you need to explicitly install a non-XPS driver that actually works properly.

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BDFL - Memuneh
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  #2562325 11-Sep-2020 13:56
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Not sure if related or not, but I always disable the Microsoft XPS Document Writer feature via Control Panel:


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  #2562327 11-Sep-2020 14:00
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Not sure if related or not, but I always disable the Microsoft XPS Document Writer feature via Control Panel:



It's unrelated to printing, but good point. While you're at it, turn "Microsoft Print to PDF" off as well, they made as big a mess of that as they did print to XPS. Install any one of the third-party free PDF printers instead.

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